Adult Sabbath School Lesson Texts With Comments
These text files are prepared by Laurelbrook staff member James Brenneman for his personal use and for those who wish to see the Bible texts in the adult Sabbath School lesson in possibly a new light.
November 11-17, 2017 (Lesson 7 - Overcoming Sin)
Memory Text: Romans 6:14 Common English Bible Sin will have no power over you, because you aren’t under Law but under grace.
Sunday – Where Sin Abounded
Romans 6:1 New Century Version So do you think we should continue sinning so that God will give us even more grace?
Romans 6:2-11 New International Reader’s Version 2 Not at all! As far as sin is concerned, we are dead. So how can we keep on sinning? 3 All of us were baptized into Christ Jesus. Don’t you know that we were baptized into his death? 4 By being baptized, we were buried with Christ into his death. Christ has been raised from the dead by the Father’s glory. And like Christ we also can live a new life. 5 By being baptized, we have been joined with him in a death like his. So we will certainly also be joined with him in a resurrection like his. 6 We know that what we used to be was nailed to the cross with him. That happened so our bodies that were ruled by sin would lose their power. So we are no longer slaves of sin. 7 That’s because those who have died have been set free from sin. 8 We died with Christ. So we believe that we will also live with him. 9 We know that Christ was raised from the dead and will never die again. Death doesn’t control him anymore. 10 When he died, he died once and for all time. He did this to break the power of sin. Now that he lives, he lives in the power of God. 11 In the same way, consider yourselves to be dead as far as sin is concerned. Now you believe in Christ Jesus. So consider yourselves to be alive as far as God is concerned.
Monday – Where Sin Reigns
Romans 6:12 Good News Translation Sin must no longer rule in your mortal bodies, so that you obey the desires of your natural self.
Tuesday – Not Under the Law but Under Grace
Romans 6:14 Holman Christian Standard Bible For sin will not rule over you, because you are not under law but under grace.
Romans 6:14 Contemporary English Version Don’t let sin keep ruling your lives. You are ruled by God’s kindness and not by the Law.
Romans 6:14 COMMENTARY BY ALBERT BARNES The apostle does not affirm that Christians are not bound to obey the moral law. The whole scope of his reasoning shows that he maintains that they are. The whole structure of Christianity supposes the same thing… The apostle means to say that Christians are not under the law as legalists, or as attempting to be justified by it. They seek a different plan of justification altogether; and they do not attempt to be justified by their own obedience. The Jews did; they do not.
Romans 6:14 SDA BIBLE COMMENTARY the Christian does not look for salvation legalistically, as if he could be saved by his own works of obedience. He acknowledges that he is a transgressor of the divine law, that in his own strength he is wholly incapable of fulfilling its requirements, that he justly deserves to be under its condemnation, and surrenders himself through faith in Christ to the grace and mercy of God. Then, by the grace of God, his sinful past is forgiven and he receives divine power to walk in newness of life.
Wednesday – Sin or Obedience?
Romans 6:16 Holman Christian Standard Bible Don’t you know that if you offer yourselves to someone as obedient slaves, you are slaves of that one you obey—either of sin leading to death or of obedience leading to righteousness?
Romans 6:17 God’s Word Translation You were slaves to sin. But I thank God that you have become wholeheartedly obedient to the teachings which you were given.
1 John 1:8 – 2:1 New Century Version 8 If we say we have no sin, we are fooling ourselves, and the truth is not in us. 9 But if we confess our sins, he will forgive our sins, because we can trust God to do what is right. He will cleanse us from all the wrongs we have done. 10 If we say we have not sinned, we make God a liar, and we do not accept God’s teaching. 2:1 My dear children, I write this letter to you so you will not sin. But if anyone does sin, we have a helper in the presence of the Father—Jesus Christ, the One who does what is right.
Thursday – Free From Sin
Romans 6:19-23 English Standard Version 19 I am speaking in human terms, because of your natural limitations. For just as you once presented your members as slaves to impurity and to lawlessness leading to more lawlessness, so now present your members as slaves to righteousness leading to sanctification. 20 For when you were slaves of sin, you were free in regard to righteousness. 21 But what fruit were you getting at that time from the things of which you are now ashamed? For the end of those things is death. 22 But now that you have been set free from sin and have become slaves of God, the fruit you get leads to sanctification and its end, eternal life. 23 For the wages of sin is death, but the free gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord.
Romans 6:20 SDA BIBLE COMMENTARY Free from righteousness. That is, free so far as righteousness was concerned. This does not mean that they were free from the claims of righteousness, but that they were entirely devoted to sin as were the antediluvians.
Romans 6:23 SDA BIBLE COMMENTARY What the Christian receives is represented as a gift of God’s free grace. Even the service and obedience that the justified and reborn believer is able to render to God are not due to his own virtue but are the fruit of the Holy Spirit, whom God has sent to dwell in him. None of us can earn salvation. None of us deserves redemption. We are saved by grace through faith as “the gift of God”.
November 18-24, 2017 (Lesson 8 - Who is the man of Romans 7?)
Memory Text: Romans 7:6 Christian Standard Bible But now we have been released from the law, since we have died to what held us, so that we may serve in the newness of the Spirit and not in the old letter of the law.
Sunday – Dead to the Law
Romans 7:1-6 Common English Bible Brothers and sisters, I’m talking to you as people who know the Law. Don’t you know that the Law has power over someone only as long as he or she lives? 2 A married woman is united with her husband under the Law while he is alive. But if her husband dies, she is released from the Law concerning her husband. 3 So then, if she lives with another man while her husband is alive, she’s committing adultery. But if her husband dies, she’s free from the Law, so she won’t be committing adultery if she marries someone else. 4 Therefore, my brothers and sisters, you also died with respect to the Law through the body of Christ, so that you could be united with someone else. You are united with the one who was raised from the dead so that we can bear fruit for God. 5 When we were self-centered, the sinful passions aroused through the Law were at work in all the parts of our body, so that we bore fruit for death. 6 But now we have been released from the Law. We have died with respect to the thing that controlled us, so that we can be slaves in the new life under the Spirit, not in the old life under the written Law.
Romans 7:5 SDA BIBLE COMMENTARY His point is not that the law is the source of these sinful passions, but that, because of man’s sinful and rebellious nature, the law has served to reveal (v. 7) such passions, identifying them as sin. In doing this, the law performs a vital service preliminary to the salvation of sinners, and it is a great mistake to blame or condemn the law for accomplishing this necessary purpose.
Romans 7:6 SDA BIBLE COMMENTARY the gospel brings God’s offer to make men capable of spiritual service from the heart. To be born again of the Holy Spirit means the creation of a clean heart and the renewal of a right spirit, so that from henceforth the believer no longer serves God from a sense of legal bondage and fear, but in a new spirit of freedom and love.
Romans 7:4-5 Contemporary English Version 4 That is how it is with you, my friends. You are now part of the body of Christ and are dead to the power of the Law. You are free to belong to Christ, who was raised to life so that we could serve God. 5 When we thought only of ourselves, the Law made us have sinful desires. It made every part of our bodies into slaves who are doomed to die.
Monday – Sin and the Law
Romans 7:8-11 God’s Word Translation 8 But sin took the opportunity provided by this commandment and made me have all kinds of wrong desires. Clearly, without laws sin is dead. 9 At one time I was alive without any laws. But when this commandment came, sin became alive 10 and I died. I found that the commandment which was intended to bring me life actually brought me death. 11 Sin, taking the opportunity provided by this commandment, deceived me and then killed me.
Romans 7:8 COMMENTARY FAMILY BIBLE NOTES Sin; his sinful inclination led him to resist the commandment, and the more to indulge evil desires in opposition to its requirements. Resistance to its restraints increased his wickedness, and showed, beyond what he had before seen, his depravity of heart. Sin was dead; was in a slumbering state, not active and strong.
Tuesday – The Law Is Holy
Romans 7:12 Easy-to-Read Version Now the law is holy, and the command is holy and right and good.
Romans 7:12 PEOPLE’S NEW TESTAMENT COMMENTARY The law is holy; it occasions sin only because our carnal nature rebels against its holy restraints.
Romans 7:13 New International Reader’s Version Did what is good cause me to die? Not at all! Sin had to be recognized for what it really is. So it used what is good to bring about my death. Because of the commandment, sin became totally sinful.
Romans 7:13 SDA BIBLE COMMENTARY The real nature of sin becomes apparent as sin uses that which is good to work evil and death. It takes that which is the revelation of the character and will of God, which is designed to serve as a standard of holiness, and uses it to increase the sin and condemnation of men. The purpose of God in allowing sin to work death through the law was that sin, in perverting what is good, should disclose and exhibit itself in all its sinfulness and deceit.
Romans 7:14-15 New Century Version 14 We know that the law is spiritual, but I am not spiritual since sin rules me as if I were its slave. 15 I do not understand the things I do. I do not do what I want to do, and I do the things I hate.
Romans 7:14 SDA BIBLE COMMENTARY Paul now confirms his vindication of the law and his disclosure of the true nature of sin, by a profound analysis of the operation of sin in a man’s personal experience. The meaning of vs. 14–25 has been one of the most discussed problems in the whole epistle. The main questions have been as to whether the description of such intense moral struggle could be autobiographical, and, if so, whether the passage refers to Paul’s experience before or after his conversion. That Paul is speaking of his own personal struggle with sin seems apparent from the simplest meaning of his. It is surely also true that he is describing a conflict that is more or less experienced by every soul confronted by and awakened to the spiritual claims of God’s holy law… The experience thus described would then be, not that of unregenerate man generally, but of a sinner under deep conviction who is wretched under his load of guilt, and who strives earnestly, but by his own efforts, to bring his life into conformity with the divine requirements. His best efforts end in miserable failure until he finds Christ and experiences the enabling power of the gospel. Such is also the experience of one who, though once converted, fails to take advantage of the provisions of the gospel and strives for purity of life in his own strength, or of the nominal Christian who has never made a full surrender to Christ.
Wednesday – The Man of Romans 7
Romans 7:16-17 New Century Version 16 And if I do not want to do the hated things I do, that means I agree that the law is good. 17 But I am not really the one who is doing these hated things; it is sin living in me that does them.
Romans 7:16 COMMENTARY BY ALBERT BARNES The very struggle with evil shows that it is not loved, or approved, but that the law which condemns it is really loved. Christians may here find a test of their piety. The fact of struggling against evil--the desire to be free from it, and to overcome it, the anxiety and grief which it causes--is an evidence that we do not love it, and that therefore we are the friends of God. Perhaps nothing can be a more decisive test of piety than a long-continued and painful struggle against evil passions and desires in every form, and a panting of the soul to be delivered from the power and dominion of sin.
Romans 7:18-20 Good News Translation 18 I know that good does not live in me—that is, in my human nature. For even though the desire to do good is in me, I am not able to do it. 19 I don't do the good I want to do; instead, I do the evil that I do not want to do. 20 If I do what I don't want to do, this means that I am no longer the one who does it; instead, it is the sin that lives in me.
Thursday – Saved From Death
Romans 7:21-23 Contemporary English Version 21 The Law has shown me that something in me keeps me from doing what I know is right. 22 With my whole heart I agree with the Law of God. 23 But in every part of me I discover something fighting against my mind, and it makes me a prisoner of sin that controls everything I do.
Romans 7:24-25 Common English Bible 24 I’m a miserable human being. Who will deliver me from this dead corpse? 25 Thank God through Jesus Christ our Lord! So then I’m a slave to God’s Law in my mind, but I’m a slave to sin’s law in my body.
Romans 7:25 SDA BIBLE COMMENTARY Paul does not give a direct answer to his question, “Who shall deliver me?” Nor does he state for what he is thanking God. But this is plainly indicated by the context. What the law cannot do, what the conscience cannot do, what unaided human strength cannot do, can be accomplished by the plan of the gospel. Complete deliverance is available through Jesus Christ, and through Him alone… This is the climax toward which Paul’s reasoning in this chapter has been pointing.